Hummingbird Eggs: What Color Are They?




Hummingbird Eggs - What Color Are They

Hummingbird eggs are typically white or creamy white to help them to be well concealed in the nest and avoid attracting predators. 

This coloration also allows the parent hummingbirds to keep their eggs well-camouflaged while they incubate and protect them. 

Further, the white color of the eggshell reflects sunlight and helps in keeping the egg cooler. It acts as a form of UV protection, shielding the developing embryo from harmful ultraviolet rays.

But, you might have heard or read about hummingbirds laying blue eggs. But, do blue hummingbird eggs actually exist? No, they don’t. 

To get a better understanding of how bird eggs get a variety of colors and what colors hummingbird eggs get other than white, let’s explore more.  

Understanding Hummingbird Eggs

Hummingbird eggs are as fascinating as the birds themselves. These delicate tiny eggs are not your typical bird’s eggs. 

They’re about the size of jellybeans and pack a lot of beauty in their small form. Unlike the chicken eggs you might be more familiar with, hummingbird eggs are tiny and come in a variety of patterns of white and creamy white.

Some species may have eggs with brownish-tone blotches on the white background color.

Size and Shape

The size of hummingbird eggs can vary depending on the species (there are 363 species), but on average, they are roughly the size of a pea. 

Imagine holding a pea in your hand, and you’ll have a good idea of their size. In terms of shape, they are typically elongated and slightly pointed at one end, making them ideal for fitting snugly in their tiny nests.

Nesting Habits and Importance

Hummingbirds are meticulous architects when it comes to their nests. They create these tiny wonders using materials like spider silk and plant fibers, often camouflaging them with lichen to blend in with their surroundings. 

Nests are essential for the survival of hummingbird offspring, providing shelter and protection from predators and harsh weather.

The eggs themselves are essential for the continuation of their species. Once laid, they incubate for about two weeks, and then tiny, fragile chicks hatch. 

These chicks are entirely dependent on their parents for food and care until they are ready to fledge, typically 3-6 weeks.

Hummingbird Eggs - What Color Are They
Hummingbird Eggs – What Color Are They

The Eggshell Pigment

Have you ever wondered what gives bird eggs their striking colors? It all comes down to color pigments (chemical compounds).

Role of Pigments

Pigments are natural compounds that play a vital role in determining the color of the eggshell. 

They are deposited on the eggshell during the laying process, creating the unique and eye-catching colors we associate with hummingbird eggs.

You can gather more technical details on eggshell pigmentation by reading this research article

Deposition Process

As the female hummingbird prepares to lay her eggs, pigments are secreted by special cells in her oviduct and then deposited onto the eggshell just before the eggs are laid. 

This process is precisely controlled and results in the beautiful array of colors we observe.

Two Primary Pigments

There are two primary pigments responsible for hummingbird eggshell coloration: protoporphyrin and biliverdin.

Pigment 1: Protoporphyrin

At the hummingbird eggshell colors lies a pigment called protoporphyrin. Protoporphyrin is a molecule found in the eggshell that contributes significantly to the reddish or brownish tones of these delicate structures. 

This pigment isn’t exclusive to hummingbirds; it’s also present in other bird species, making it a common player in the world of avian eggshell pigmentation.

Characteristics of Protoporphyrin

Protoporphyrin is a pigment that is naturally occurring in the bodies of many animals, including birds. It has a reddish-brown coloration and is essential for various biological processes. 

In hummingbird eggs, protoporphyrin is synthesized in the oviduct, where the eggshell is formed, and gets deposited in the layers of the shell as it develops. This process gives some eggs their distinct brownish blotch patterns.

Protoporphyrin’s Role in Eggshell Colors

The presence of protoporphyrin in hummingbird eggshells results in the reddish or brownish hues that we often associate with these tiny eggs. 

The intensity and exact shade of the color can vary among different hummingbird species, but it’s this pigment that largely dictates the final appearance of the eggs.

But most Humming birds’ eggs are white, off white or white with paler brown blotches; those brown tones come as a result of protoporphyrin pigment. 

Examples of Hummingbird Species with Protoporphyrin-Based Eggshell Coloration

Many hummingbird species showcase protoporphyrin-based eggshell coloration. 

For instance, the Ruby-throated Hummingbird, known for its emerald-green plumage, lays eggs with delicate white shells adorned by intricate patterns of reddish-brown speckles, thanks to the presence of protoporphyrin.

Pigment 2: Biliverdin

Biliverdin is another crucial pigment that plays a significant role in determining the colors of bird eggshells. Understanding the characteristics of biliverdin and its impact on eggshell colors can shed light on the intriguing diversity of these tiny marvels.

But in hummingbirds, we don’t see this pigment to be visible on the egg shells.

Exceptions to the Rule

Like all rules, there are exceptions in the fascinating world of hummingbirds.

In some rare cases, hummingbird eggs deviate from the norm, surprising bird enthusiasts and researchers alike. 

Imagine spotting an egg with a hue that’s anything but white! Specific examples of these unusual eggshell colors include soft blue, pale green, and even a touch of pink. It’s almost like these tiny birds decided to experiment with their egg artistry.

But why do these exceptions occur? Well, there are a few theories. One possibility is that these unconventional colors might provide some protection. 

It could be camouflage, helping the eggs blend in better with their surroundings, or deterring potential predators who might not recognize these eggs as a tasty treat. And it could be simply due to a genetic mutation. 

Another theory suggests that these unique colors could be related to the hummingbird’s diet. Some species of hummingbirds are known to consume certain pigments found in flowers, which could influence the color of their eggshells. 

It’s like nature’s way of giving them an artistic touch.

In conclusion, while hummingbird eggs are usually the epitome of purity in their white or off-white glory, there are indeed exceptions that add a splash of color to the avian world.

If you observed such an exceptional colored hummingbird egg, indeed it would be great news to share among birdwers and researchers. 


In conclusion, hummingbird eggs, though small and delicate, hold a gradient of white to dark off-white colors, rarely with brown blotches. Whether they’re pristine white or adorned with subtle hues, these tiny eggs reflect the beauty of nature’s design. 

The mystery of their colors continues to fascinate scientists and bird enthusiasts alike. 

So, next time you spot a hummingbird’s nest, take a moment to appreciate the intricate story told by those little eggs – a story that’s as colorful as the birds themselves.