Do Hummingbirds Drink Water? [Is Nectar Keep Them Hydrated?]




Do Hummingbirds drink water? YES! They need water to be hydrated.

Hummingbirds are remarkable creatures, known for their vibrant plumage and incredible agility in flight. But did you ever wonder if these tiny birds drink water? 

There’s a common misconception that hummingbirds solely feed on nectar from flowers. But in reality, they have another important dietary requirement: water. Understanding their hydration needs is crucial to appreciate these fascinating birds fully.

Hummingbirds, despite their tiny size, have incredibly high metabolic rates, and they expend a lot of energy during their hovering flights. 

To maintain this energy, they need more than just nectar; they also require water to stay hydrated. In fact, water makes up a significant portion of their diet, alongside nectar and insects.

So, while hummingbirds are famous for their love of nectar, it’s essential to remember that they do indeed drink water. And providing a water source in your garden can be just as important as planting nectar-rich flowers to attract and support these delightful avian acrobats.

Hummingbird Biology and Diet

Hummingbirds have some unique biological traits that set them apart from other birds. Their small size, rapid wing beats, and strikingly colorful plumage make them a delight to watch. But there’s more to them than meets the eye.

Firstly, their metabolism is off the charts. To maintain their hovering and agile flight, hummingbirds require a tremendous amount of energy. 

This energy primarily comes from nectar – the sweet liquid found in flowers. They’ve evolved specialized tongues and high-speed feeding techniques to efficiently extract nectar from blooms.

However, nectar, while a crucial energy source, doesn’t provide everything they need. 

Hummingbirds also require additional nutrients like proteins and minerals, which are scarce in nectar alone. This is where the topic of water comes in. 

While many people think hummingbirds solely sip nectar, they also drink water. Hydration is vital to their diet because it helps digest the nectar and maintain their overall health.

Do Hummingbirds drink water? YES! They need water to be hydrated.
Do Hummingbirds drink water? YES!

The Importance of Water for Hummingbirds

Water plays a vital role in a hummingbird’s life.

These pint-sized birds are famous for their love of nectar, but nectar alone can’t sustain them. Hummingbirds have high metabolic rates, which means they need a lot of energy to fuel their rapid wing beats and hovering flights. 

Nectar provides the necessary sugars for energy, but there’s a catch – it’s a bit like a sugar rush without the substance to back it up.

This is where water steps in as the unsung hero of a hummingbird’s diet. Water helps these little aviators in several crucial ways. 

First, it supports digestion. Nectar is thick and can be tough to process, but water dilutes it, making it easier for their bodies to extract nutrients.

But it doesn’t stop there. Hummingbirds also need electrolytes and minerals to maintain their health. 

These essential nutrients aren’t found in high concentrations in nectar alone. So, they seek out natural water sources, from raindrops to dew on leaves, to meet these needs.

In your own garden, providing a water source can be a game-changer for hummingbirds. A birdbath with a gentle trickle or misting feature can mimic the types of water sources they find in the wild. 

By doing so, you’ll be helping these enchanting birds stay energized, healthy, and hydrated, ensuring they continue to grace your surroundings with their vibrant presence. 

So, remember, it’s not just nectar that keeps hummingbirds going – it’s the water that truly completes their diet.

Sources of Water for Hummingbirds

Natural Sources

In the wild, hummingbirds are resourceful when it comes to finding natural sources of water. They often take advantage of raindrops and dew. 

When rain showers come, these tiny birds can be seen darting through the falling drops, sipping water as they go. 

Dew, which forms on leaves and flowers early in the morning, provides another opportunity for them to quench their thirst. It’s incredible to watch them delicately sip these tiny water droplets.

Artificial Sources

To attract hummingbirds to your garden or backyard, you can set up artificial sources of water. 

Bird baths and fountains are excellent options. Hummingbirds are not picky about the size of the water source, so even a shallow dish with water can suffice. Just be sure to keep the water fresh and clean to prevent the spread of diseases.

To make your garden truly hummingbird-friendly, consider these tips for creating inviting water features:

  • Choose shallow containers: Hummingbirds prefer water that is no more than 2 inches deep, as they are not strong swimmers.
  • Position near nectar sources: Place your water feature near their favorite flowers to make it convenient for them.
  • Add moving water: Hummingbirds are attracted to the sound of flowing water, so a small fountain can be a big draw.
  • Regular maintenance: Clean and refill the water source every few days to ensure it stays clean and safe.

So, hummingbirds do indeed drink water, and they do so from both natural and artificial sources. 

By providing these charming birds with suitable water features, you can create a welcoming habitat in your own backyard while enjoying the delightful sight of these winged wonders.

Drinking Behavior of Hummingbirds

Hummingbirds are renowned for their hovering abilities, and they employ this skill when it comes to drinking water. 

They hover near water sources, such as dew-covered leaves, raindrops, or artificial feeders, and deftly extend their specialized tongues into the liquid. It’s a mesmerizing sight to see them maintain a stable position mid-air while sipping water.

Now, let’s talk about their unique tongues. Hummingbirds have long, tube-like tongues with tiny grooves on the sides. 

These grooves enable them to lap up water and nectar with astonishing efficiency. When they insert their tongues into a liquid source, the grooves capture the fluid, allowing them to draw it up into their beaks.

What’s truly remarkable is the speed at which hummingbirds drink. They can consume up to eight times their body weight in liquid each day! 

This rapid pace is necessary because their high-energy activities, such as hovering and rapid wingbeats, require a constant intake of energy from nectar and insects. 

So, whether they’re sipping from a raindrop or a backyard feeder, hummingbirds are always on the go, fueling their incredible lives.

The Need for Clean Water

It’s a common sight to see hummingbirds flitting about, visiting vibrant flowers and feeders in our gardens. But have you ever stopped to think about the importance of clean water for these tiny, energetic creatures? 

Clean water is not just a luxury; it’s a necessity for hummingbirds.

Hummingbirds rely on clean water sources for hydration, just like we do. Providing them with clean water is essential to their health and well-being. 

Contaminated water sources can pose significant risks to these delicate birds. Bacteria, algae, and mold can grow in stagnant water, leading to diseases that can harm or even kill hummingbirds.

To ensure the water you offer to hummingbirds is clean and safe, follow these guidelines:

  • Regular Cleaning: Clean your hummingbird feeders and water sources every few days. Use a solution of one part white vinegar to four parts water for cleaning. Rinse thoroughly to remove all traces of soap or vinegar before refilling.
  • Fresh Water: Always use fresh water when refilling bird baths or water dishes. Stale water can become a breeding ground for harmful microorganisms.
  • Choose the Right Materials: Opt for materials like glass or plastic for your hummingbird feeders and water dishes. These are easier to clean and less likely to develop cracks or crevices where bacteria can hide.
  • Position Wisely: Place water sources away from direct sunlight, which can promote algae growth. Partial shade helps maintain water freshness.
  • Regular Monitoring: Keep an eye on your water sources and clean them immediately if you notice any signs of contamination.

Offering Water to Hummingbirds

If you want to invite hummingbirds into your yard and provide them with a refreshing drink, offering water is a fantastic idea. Here’s some practical advice on how to do just that.

  1. Hummingbird Feeders: Hummingbird feeders with built-in water trays are a popular choice. These feeders not only provide nectar but also a place for the birds to sip water. Make sure to keep the water in these feeders fresh and clean, changing it every few days.
  2. Shallow Dishes: Another simple way to offer water to hummingbirds is by placing shallow dishes filled with water around your garden. These can be as basic as saucers or small bowls. Just ensure the water is no more than two inches deep to prevent accidents.
  3. Placement Matters: To attract hummingbirds, position your water sources near their favorite nectar-rich flowers. Hummingbirds are more likely to visit if they can access both food and water conveniently.
  4. DIY Water Stations: If you enjoy DIY projects, consider creating a hummingbird water station. You can place a drip irrigation system near their feeding areas, providing a continuous supply of fresh water droplets that mimic rain. Additionally, setting up a small fountain with moving water can be very appealing to these tiny birds.
  5. Misting Sprays: Hummingbirds love flying through fine mist sprays. You can install a misting system in your garden or manually spray a fine mist using a hose. Be sure to adjust the mist so that it’s gentle enough for the birds to fly through comfortably.

Remember, cleanliness is key. Regularly clean and refill your water sources to ensure they remain inviting and safe for hummingbirds. 

By offering them water in addition to nectar, you’ll not only attract these delightful birds but also help them stay hydrated on their busy journeys. 

So, go ahead and create a hummingbird-friendly oasis in your yard, and watch these vibrant visitors enjoy a cool drink on a hot day.

Other Hydration Sources

While hummingbirds are looking for nectar and water, they also tap into a variety of other hydration sources to quench their thirst and maintain their high-energy lifestyles.

One such source is sap from trees. Hummingbirds are known to visit trees like maples and birches to feed on the sweet sap that oozes from wounds or sap wells created by sapsuckers. 

This sap provides them with an additional source of energy and moisture, especially during the breeding season when they require extra calories for nesting and feeding their young.

Insects also play a role in the hummingbird diet beyond just a source of protein. Some insects, like spiders, have a high water content, and hummingbirds may consume them to supplement their hydration needs. 

Insects are also a vital source of protein for these tiny birds, aiding in muscle development and energy.

Why might hummingbirds turn to these alternative hydration sources? 

One reason is adaptability. In the wild, nectar sources can vary in availability and quality, so hummingbirds have evolved to be flexible in their diet to ensure they can always find something to eat and drink. 

By incorporating sap and insects into their diet, they increase their chances of staying hydrated even when nectar is scarce.

The benefits of diversifying their diet extend beyond hydration. A varied diet provides hummingbirds with essential nutrients and helps them thrive. 

It’s a testament to their remarkable adaptability and resourcefulness in the face of ever-changing environmental conditions.

Seasonal Variations in Hydration

Hummingbirds have unique hydration needs that shift with the changing seasons. Understanding these variations can help us support these remarkable birds throughout the year.

During the warm spring and summer months, when flowers are in full bloom, nectar is abundant. This is when hummingbirds primarily rely on nectar for hydration. 

If you read this scientific paper about how Hummingbirds respond to temperature and humidity, you will get more insight into this phenomenon. 

As they flit from flower to flower, they sip nectar to fuel their high-energy activities, such as courtship displays and nest building.

However, as the seasons transition into fall, nectar becomes scarcer, and hummingbirds face a challenge. 

They need to build up fat reserves for their long migratory journeys to warmer wintering grounds in Central America. 

To do this, they shift their focus towards high-calorie foods like insects and spiders, which also provide essential hydration.

Winter presents a different set of challenges for these birds. Nectar sources are almost non-existent in their winter habitats, so they rely more on insects and sap for both nutrition and hydration. 

Finding clean water can be particularly challenging during winter, making it crucial for us to provide accessible and fresh water sources in our yards.

To support hummingbirds year-round, consider the following:

  • Maintain Feeders: Keep your hummingbird feeders filled and clean during the spring and summer to provide a reliable nectar source.
  • Late Blooming Flowers: Plant late-blooming flowers to extend nectar availability into the fall and early winter.
  • Insect-Friendly Garden: Cultivate an insect-friendly garden with native plants to attract insects for fall and winter feeding.
  • Winter Water: Install heated bird baths or water heaters to ensure accessible water throughout the winter months.


In the enchanting world of hummingbirds, the question, “Do hummingbirds drink water?” finds a resounding “Yes!” 

These remarkable birds not only rely on nectar but also seek hydration from raindrops, dew, and even sap and insects. Their ability to adapt their diet to the seasons showcases their resilience.

As hummingbird enthusiasts, our role is clear—to provide them with clean water sources, whether through well-maintained feeders, natural habitats, or thoughtful landscaping. 

By understanding their hydration needs, we can ensure that these iridescent wonders continue to grace our lives with their vibrant presence, all while thriving in our gardens, yards, and the wild landscapes they call home.